History of Inglewood Oil Field
The Inglewood Oil Field has played a major role in the history of Los Angeles. Since the discovery of precious oil and natural gas resources in 1924 the field has helped fuel our lifestyle and strengthened our local economy. Over the field's history 1,600 wells have been drilled within the historical boundaries of the field. Today, the oil field's boundary covers approximately 1,000 acres making it one of the largest contiguous urban oil fields in the United States.
The field was first commercially produced by Standard Oil Company of California Los Angeles back in the days when Baldwin Hills was considered "out in the country" and the lands were primarily farmed and grazed.
Even in the early days of oil drilling, the Inglewood Oil Field was recognized as one of the few examples of orderly development.
Below is a partial list of early operators of the Inglewood Oil Field.
NOTE: All years were not available.
Petroleum Securities Company (Rubel)
Associated Oil Company
Brownmoor Oil Company
California Petroleum Corporation of California
O.R. Howard and Company
Mohawk Oil and Gas Syndicate
Standard Oil Company of California (1924)
57 Petroleum Corporations
Bartolo Oil Company (1924)
Associated Oil Company (1924)
Amazon Drilling Company controlled by Pacific Oil Company
Shell Company of California (1925)
(Source: California Oil Fields, California State Mining Bureau, E.Huguenin)
|1543||Native Southern Californians used tar for decorating and to waterproof canes and baskets.|
|1849||Travelers moving along a popular route in Southern California used oil from seeps to lubricate their wagon wheels.|
|1850||Andreas Pico distilled oil to use for his lamp at the San Fernando Mission in Southern California.|
|1879||The first oil pipeline in California - a 2-inch line - was laid from Pico Canyon to the Pioneer Oil Refinery, a distance of five miles.|
|1892||Edward L. Doheny drilled the first well to strike oil in Southern California, near present day Dodger Stadium.|
|1896||The first offshore wells in the United States were drilled in the Pacific Ocean as an offshore extension to Summerland Oil Field in Santa Barbara County. The wells were drilled from piers built over the water.|
|1900||California produced four million barrels of oil.|
|1900||A loyal music teacher, Emma Summers, was one of the most successful investors in the first years of the initial oil boom in Southern California. By 1900, Summers controlled half the production in the original Los Angeles field. She became known as "California's Petroleum Queen."|
|1900 to 1910||Because of the "Black Gold" rush, Los Angeles population grew at an astounding rate. The population doubled between 1890-1900, then tripled again between 1900-1910.|
|1910||California production jumped to 77 million barrels of oil.|
|1924||Oilmen first began drilling in the Baldwin Hills region of the Inglewood Oil Field in September, 1924. The field was first
commercially produced by Standard Oil Company of California Los Angeles and produced approximately 145 barrels of oil a day.
Los Angeles became a center of oil production in the early 20th century, and by the early 1920’s the region was producing one-quarter of the world’s total supply.
|1957||The Seal of the County of Los Angeles was altered to include the symbol of oil rigs because of the integral role they played in Los Angeles history.|
|1982||The Inglewood Oil Field was one of three to receive the first Division of Oil and Gas awards for "Outstanding Oilfield Lease and Facility Maintenance". The award was presented to the Getty Oil Company for the Vickers lease in 1982.|
|2009||California is still a significant producer of oil but now imports 65% of the oil it consumes.|